AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN NIGERIA AND IMPLEMENTATION CHALLENGES

Dr. Jane Munonye1

Department of Agriculture, AE- Federal University Ndufu – Alike Ikwo, PMB 1010 Abakiliki, Ebonyi State, Email: munojane@gmail.com

 

Policy is a process by which governments translate their political visions and intents into programmes and projects to deliver and effect change. Agricultural policies are implemented to achieve agricultural growth and development. The study reviewed agricultural policies in Nigeria and implementation challenges. Secondary data was used for the study. Government archives and data bases were consulted. These objectives guided the study: description of Nigeria’s agricultural policies during the colonial,  post-colonial and present era and  identify the gaps in  policy implementation. Agricultural policies in Nigeria have witnessed repetitive policies and program and are yet to fulfill its mandate of food sufficiency. Agricultural policies during the colonial era were more on forest matters with less emphasis on crop and animal production. There was also no institutional arrangement for implementation. Commodity specific policies were directed towards stabilizing post-second world war prices in Britain. There was institutional framework in the post- colonial era and intervention policies with food production as the main focus. But lack proper implementation strategies and monitoring. The present era treats agriculture as a business. The target is to develop value chain and build agribusiness for sustained prosperity. The major constraints are inadequate implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

INTEGRATING AGRICULTURAL & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT POLICY: A UK PERSPECTIVE.

Professor E. John Wibberley, PhD, FRAgS,

University of Reading & Royal Agricultural University, Cirencester, UK

E-mail: ejwibberley@btinternet.com

 

ABSTRACT

During a period when agricultural management signals and imperatives are being reviewed internationally, this paper explores the balance between production-linked and environmental care aspects. It reviews the case of the UK, especially England with particular reference to Exmoor in the south-west. However, it seeks to elicit some principles that may seem to apply internationally. After a review of policy signals and reactions over the past half-century or so in the UK, it outlines the September 2018 Agriculture Bill, discusses the changes it may herald, and the issues that need to be incorporated in the final Environmental Land Management System (ELMS) being debated in the UK Parliament at the time of writing. These include a global perspective on farming policies, agricultural innovations, energy security and care of the farmed landscape. It is argued that an overarching vision of Ecosystem Security includes people and it is proposed that food production and productivity (measured in terms of the rate of output per unit of input) must be included within the ‘envelope’ of ecosystem services and in the valuation of natural capital. Both necessary agricultural productivity and responsible environmental management are mutually inclusive and require policies that integrate them as simply as is possible.

THE TASMANIAN AGRI-FOOD SCORECARD: QUANTIFYING AGRI-FOOD PRODUCTION AT THE STATE LEVEL

MARY BENNETT

AgriGrowth Tasmania, Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, PO Box 44, HOBART, 7001

Mary.Bennett@dpipwe.tas.gov.au

 

ABSTRACT

Agriculture, aquaculture and food production are significant contributors to the Tasmanian economy. There are a range of challenges in quantifying the value of food production at the state level, including an absence of data on the value of processed food and interstate trade. The Tasmanian Agri-Food ScoreCard employs a methodology that fills some of these data gaps and reports a range of information, including the value of agri-food production along the value chain and the market destinations into which products are sold.

THE UK GOVERNMENT’S ROLE IN POST BREXIT FARM INCOME SUPPORT AND TRADE POLICY

SIMON WARD

Increment Limited and The Policy Group

Simon.Ward@increment.co.uk

 

ABSTRACT

Brexit has provided impetus to discuss the UK government’s role in policy with the knowledge that a new agricultural policy will be introduced. Decisions on income support are likely to have a bigger influence on farmers than trade issues, in general. However, support levels are within the control of the UK while trade issues may not be.

While the UK government expects to reach new agreement with the EU on trade this may not be achieved. In the absence of agreement the UK would be subject to EU tariffs on exports but would be left with a decision on whether current import tariff levels should remain or be removed unilaterally. Imposition of tariffs would raise many UK consumer and farmer prices. Unilateral reduction would lower prices in some farm sectors and make it difficult to exclude hormone-treated beef and other practices.

Support measures that have been applied by the EU are examined from a practioner’s view point.

Decisions that have been made (or at the time of writing are likely to be made) are classified according to how they relate to Brexit. Argument is presented to remove income support measures and improve design of schemes to deliver public goods.

Since the UK is a net contributor to the EU budget the UK tax payer will benefit when the UK leaves the EU. In the longer term, it is likely that expenditure will increasingly be directed away from agriculture.

Initially EU and UK partners trading through TRQs look likely to be largely unaffected or worse off. However, in the longer term the UK may well lower tariffs unilaterally in exchange for access for non-farming goods or simply to lower food prices.


BIOGRAPHY

Simon Ward is an established agricultural and renewable energy business consultant with over 30 years’ experience. He is based in Cambridge, England. Clients range from farmers to multinationals. He works both in the UK and abroad. Simon is a graduate in Agricultural Economics from Balliol College Oxford University.

IFMA

The objective of the International Farm Management Association is to further the knowledge and understanding of farm business management and to exchange ideas and information about farm management theory and practice throughout the world. The IFMA is a non profit-making organisation and currently the Association has members in over 50 countries.

Congress Managers

Please contact the team at Conference Design with any questions regarding the Congress.

Photography Credits

Tourism Tasmania, Barnbougle Dunes, Ray Joyce, Health Holden, Graham Freeman, Joe Shemesh, Glenn Gibson, Hobart City Council, Nick Osborne, National Trust Tasmania, Dale Baldwin, Brian Dullaghan, Rob Burnett, Alistair Bett, Alice Bennett, Wai Nang Poon, Chris Crerar, Kathy Leahy, Flow Mountain Bike, Tasmanian Parks & Wildlife Service, James Bowden, Masaaki Aihara, Sean Feennessy, Bruce Irwin, Liz Knox